Foundation of Institute
|The history of the Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry in fact dates back to 1929, when academician V.A. Kistyakovsky, a well-known chemist and specialist in complex colloidal and electrochemical problems, was engaged by the USSR Academy of Sciences to organize a Colloidal-Electrochemical Laboratory in St. Petersburg (Leningrad). This event was inspired by rapid development of the chemistry of colloids in the beginning of the 20th century. The staff of the Laboratory initially included nine researchers studying various problems related to disperse systems, electrochemistry, and corrosion and passivation of metals.
- In 1934, the Laboratory moved together with most of the Academy of Sciences from St. Petersburg to Moscow, and increased its status to become the Colloidal-Electrochemical Institute. Kistyakovsky became the first director of this institute and headed it until 1939, when the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences allowed Kistyakovsky to retire from this position and engaged academician A.N. Frumkin to be the new director.
- In 1945, the Colloidal-Electrochemical Institute was reorganized and given the name of the Institute of Physical Chemistry. Academician Frumkin headed the Institute until 1949.
- In 1958, Frumkin initiated separation of the Department of Electrochemistry from the Institute of Physical Chemistry, with the formation of an independent Institute of Electrochemistry. Frumkin was a director of this institute until death in 1977. Then, the Institute of Electrochemistry was headed by academician V.E. Kazarinov (1977–1999) and by Prof. B.M. Grafov (1999–2004). In 1983, the Institute of Electrochemistry was named after A.N. Frumkin, in honor of its creator.
- The Institute of Physical Chemistry was headed from 1949 to 1953 by associated academy member Prof. A.G. Akimov.
- Then, the Institute was headed by academician V.I. Spitsyn (from 1953 to 1988).
- And by associated academy member Prof. Yu.M. Polukarov (from 1988 to 2002).
- Since 2002, the Institute is headed by academician A.Yu. Tsivadze, a winner of the State Prize and the RF Government Prize in Science and Technology.
- In 2005, the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences restored the status quo and reorganized the Institute of Physical Chemistry by merging it with the Institute of Electrochemistry. After that, the Institute received its present name – the A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry.
- In August 2008 the Institute was renamed in accordance with the Resolution of RAS Presidium №274 dated Decemter 18, 2007 “About the Renaming of Organisations within Jurisdiction of Russian Academy of Sciences” to “Institution of Russian Academy of Sciences A. N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry”.
Academician V.A. Kistyakovsky
Academician A.N. Frumkin
Ass. Academy Member
Academician V.I. Spitsyn
1902 – 1988
Ass. Academy Member
1927 – 2010
Academician A.Yu. Tsivadze