Scientific school of Academician G.V. AKIMOV
|► Investigations in the field of metal corrosion and protection in the Institute received a powerful stimulus in 1939, when associated academy member Prof. A.G. AKIMOV (1901 – 1953) came and guided the research in these directions. Akimov was a director of the Institute of Physical Chemistry in 1949–1953. The results obtained by Akimov in the fields of physical metallurgy, theory of structural corrosion, nonequilibrium corrosion potentials, and electrochemistry of oxide films on metals were the basic scientific achievements that allowed, together with a series of special corrosion-resistant alloys developed with the participation of Akimov, to solve a number of important commercial problems.
|As long ago as in 1929, Akimov discovered, theoretically analyzed, and implemented into practice zinc-containing coatings (zinc protectors) for the protection of aluminum and related alloys. These protective coatings are successfully used to the present.In 1930–1940s Akimov, in cooperation with A.A. Kiselev and A.T. Tumanov, other famous Russian specialists in materials science, created a series of heat-resistant steels and alloys that are still used in aerospace industry. These achievements were marked by the State Prize in Science and Technology. Professor Akimov created the famous Russian school of corrosion science and organized broad basic and applied investigations in this field, which allowed the Institute to guide and superwise the research in the corrosion of metals and alloys and in the development of protection methods.
Further theoretical investigations and successful applied research in these directions were due to the works of professors Yu.N. Golovanov, I.L. Rozenfel’d, and N.D. Tomashov.
► Professor Yu.N. GOLOVANOV (1911 – 1972) created and developed novel technologies for the production of metallic uranium, calcium, and fuel elements for nuclear power plants. He headed the Laboratory of High-Temperature and Radiation-Stimulated Corrosion and stidued the effect of radiation on the corrosion of materials. Golovanov intiated research in the new field of metal deposition from the gas phase. The results of these investigations performed in 1960–1980 were marked by the USSR State Prize and the RF Government Prize in Science and Technology. Golovanov three times received the Stalin Prize in Science and had the title of the Hero of Socialst Labor.
► Professor N.D TOMASHOV (1905 -1994), an Honored Scientist and Technologist of Russia, was among specialists guiding the investigations of physicochemical principles of processes involved in the corrosion of metals and alloys. His works devoted to the oxygen depolarization, anodizing of aluminum alloys, cathodic and (especially) anodic protection of metals and alloys, theory of anticorrosive doping, and passivation by noble metal additives were the mark points in the development of modern notions about corrosion and served a basis for the development of metal protection techniques widely used on the commercial scale.
At present, investigations of the corrosion processes and the development of protection methods are conducted in the laboratories headed by N.N Andreev, V.A. Golovanov, Yu.I. Kuznetsov, Yu.V. Lakhotkin, A.I. Shcherbakov, A.I. Marshakov, S.V. Oleinik, and in six special research sectors and three corrosion stations.