Events | A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences

3rd International Conference on Ionic Liquids in Separation and Purification Technology (ILSEPT), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 8 – 11 January 2017

6 апреля, 2016

ethernet-networkThe aim of the Third International Conference on Ionic Liquids in Separation and Purification Technology is to provide a forum for researchers in academia and industry to share and discuss their cutting edge results on the use of ionic liquids in separation applications. This meeting will build on the momentum from the first and second ILSEPT meetings held in 2011 and 2014 respectively.

For further information on the conference and to sign up for email updates, visit:!

ECHC 2016 – XXVII European Colloquium on Heterocyclic Chemistry, Amsterdam, The Netherlands – July 3-6, 2016

23 марта, 2016

All participants are invited to register and submit abstracts of scientific communications which will be peer-reviewed for their acceptance. Out of the submitted proposals, 9 keynote lectures and 45 oral communications will be selected by the Organising Committee. All other abstracts will get the opportunity to be presented as posters. The preference of oral and poster presentation should be indicated by the applicant during the submission process. Deadlines:

  • Deadline for early bird and abstract submission for keynote lectures and oral communications is April 6, 2016.
  • Deadline for abstract submission for posters is May 11, 2016.

Register now and submit your abstract online!


The ECHC is an open meeting dealing with all aspects of heterocyclic chemistry with mainly, but certainly not only, world class speakers and participants from academia and industry. The aim of the meeting is to present new results, stimulate interactions between academia and industry and create an atmosphere for establishing networks, useful also for young chemists.

The scientific programme will include 24 plenary lectures, 9 keynote lectures and 45 oral communications selected from submitted abstracts, as well as poster communications.

Find out more about the programme

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16th International Symposium on Preparative and Industrial Chromatography and Allied Techniques, Vienna, Austria – October 9-12, 2016

18 марта, 2016

ethernet-network CONFIRMED SPEAKERS

Since nearly 30 years, SPICA is “THE” event to attend to follow the state of the art in the field of Preparative and Industrial Chromatography.

The Symposium traditionally gathers key players and experts involved in downstream processing for the Life Science industry. The goal is to share the latest innovations, create and develop new research axes and deploy the purification techniques for the industrial development of molecules with increasing complexity and constraints.

The invited keynote speakers will provide a solid base to ensure a high quality scientific programme:

Prof. Giorgio CARTA (UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA, Charlottesville, United States)
Prof. Attila FELINGER (UNIVERSITY OF PECS, Pecs, Hungary)
Dr Martin HOFFMAN (BIOTECHFLOW, Stroud, United Kingdom)
Dr Konstantin B. KONSTANTINOV (GENZYME, Woburn, United States)


All participants are invited to submit abstracts of scientific communications which will be peer-reviewed by the Scientific Committee. The abstracts of the accepted communications will be published in the book of abstracts distributed to all symposium attendants.

  • Deadline for the submission of abstracts for oral communications: May 2, 2016
  • Deadline for the submission of abstracts for poster presentations: August 29, 2016

Out of the submitted proposals, 35 oral communications will be selected. Announcement of the accepted oral communications will be made by end-May 2016. The other accepted abstracts will get the opportunity to be presented as posters.

For more information please visit the SPICA 2016 website!

XX Mendeleev Congress on General and Applied Chemistry, 26 – 30 сентября 2016, Ekaterinburg

2 февраля, 2016


International Symposium “From Empirical to Predictive chemistry” which will be held in Ekaterinburg on September 26-30, 2016. The Symposium is a satellite event of the XX Mendeleev Congress on General and Applied Chemistry, the largest Russian scientific event focusing on fundamental and applied chemical research.
Every 4 to 5 years, Mendeleev Congress welcomes scientists from all over the globe to the scientific and cultural centers of our country for discussing the groundbreaking scientific and industrial achievements in chemistry. The congress traditionally maintains an interdisciplinary program that highlights new research directions as well as advances in chemical industry and professional education.

The Symposium “From Empirical to Predictive Chemistry” as a satellite event will gather specialists in different fields of computational chemistry including chemoinformatics, molecular modeling, force field molecular mechanics and dynamics, quantum chemistry, etc.

The main topics of the Symposium are:

  • Nowadays Approaches to Structure-Property Relationships.
  • Modeling of Synthetic and Metabolic Reactions.
  • Modeling in Drug Discovery.
  • Materials Design.
  • Chemical Information: Storage, Retrieval, and Knowledge Extraction.

A School for young scientists devoted to the basics of chemoinformatics will be organized in the framework of the Symposium. The School will take place as the pre-conference event September 26, 2016.

The organizers of the Symposium are:

- Alexandre Varnek, University of Strasbourg, France
- Vladimir Poroikov, Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia
- Igor Antipin, Kazan Federal University, Russia

March 1, 2016 –  Deadline for registration and abstract submission

June 1, 2016 – Preliminary Scientific program announcement

May 15, 2016 –  Early bird registration

English is the official language of the Symposium.

The official web-page of Symposium with the latest information, description of registration procedure and abstract submission:

The 15th International Symposium on Advanced Organic Photonics (ISAOP-15), September 22 & 23, 2015 Moscow, Russia

25 февраля, 2015


The 15th International Symposium on Advanced Organic Photonics (ISAOP-15) will be held on Sept 22 & 23, 2015, at the A.N Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia


Based on the growing interest in organic- and hybrid-based photonic materials and microoptic devices for telecommunication, data communication and opto-electronics, ISAOP-15 will serve as a forum for the discussion of state-of-the-art results pertaining to devices using organic-based photonic materials as well as their applications. Various aspects of organic and polymeric photonic materials and devices will be discussed.

invitationcircular 1pdf_logo_circular 2program



10 мая, 2012


Preliminary programm images


New Catalysts for Fuel Cells with Direct Ethanol Oxidation and Membrane-Electrode Assemblies on the Basis of them

28 апреля, 2011

Fuel cells (FC) with direct ethanol oxidation are promising power sources for transport and portative devices. Usage of ethanol is hampered the problems with preparation, storage and supply of fuel and also provides close ecologically clean cycle of energy transformation in nature scale.

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In “Electrocatalysis and Fuel Cells” laboratory, effective multicomponent nanosized catalysts on the different carbon supports have been developed. They are synthesized for FC cathodes and anodes as on the basis of platinum (PtМ1 M2/С, where М1 = Sn, Ru; M2 = Co, Ni, Mo, V) and without platinum (Pd, Ru-МОx/С (М= V, Ni, Cr); CoTMPP/С). Morphology of synthesized catalysts was studied by physicochemical methods (TEM, XDA, XPS). Kinetics and mechanism of current-forming reactions on these catalysts were investigated in model conditions in acid and alkaline solutions with complex of electrochemical methods (RDE, RRDE, CVA). The estimation of depth of ethanol oxidation was performed by gas and liquid chromatography methods. It was shown that depth of ethanol oxidation in acid medium on multicomponent systems is 40% and achieves 60% in alkaline medium.

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Life-cycle tests of FC with acid electrolyte. U=0.5 V.

Anode: PtSn/С. Cathode: Pt/С. 1М С2Н5ОН, O2, 750С.

For formation of membrane-electrode assemblies on the basis of suggested catalysts, the methods low-production output of MEA’s were developed. These MEA’s with active surface area up to 225 сm2 were produced with screen process printing at automated equipment EKRA. The testing of FC prototype model is performed on specialized equipment of world level, Arbin and ElectroChem test setup.

Head of  the Laboratory of Electroсatalysis and Fuel Cells, professor, Doctor of Science (Chemistry) Mikhail Romanovich Tarasevich

Three-Metallic Nanosized Systems for Cathodes of Fuel Cells and Membrane-Electrode Assemblies on the Basis of them

28 апреля, 2011

Widespread development and commercialization of fuel cells require considerable lowering the amount used platinum in cathodic catalysts. One of the ways of such a lowering consists in usage of bi- and three-metallic systems instead monoplatinum catalysts.


Parameters of membrane-electrode assemblies for monoplatinum catalyst and two three-metallic systems demonstrated the possibility of lowering the amount used platinum

The usage of bi- and three-metallic systems, moreover, gives rise to significant increase of cathodic catalyst stability. It can be connected with the formation of core-shell structures as in the process  of chemical pretreatment of catalysts and their electrochemical potential cycling.


Discharge parameters of hydrogen-air fuel cell with 20PdCo5Pt cathodic catalyst at the different loading of metallic phase ( Membrane Nafion 212, 65ºС, gas pressure 1 atm. Anode: 20Pt/С (HiSPEC) 0.2 mgсm2.


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Microphotographs of 30PtCoCr/С (a) and 20PdCo5Pt (b) catalysts and their histograms.

Head of  the Laboratory of Electroсatalysis and Fuel Cells, professor, Doctor of Science (Chemistry) Mikhail Romanovich Tarasevich

Non-Containing Precious Metals Cathodic Catalysts for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells and Membrane-Electrode Assemblies on the Basis of them

28 апреля, 2011

The high cost and scarcity of platinum which just now is the most active cathodic catalyst for low-temperature fuel cells with proton exchange membrane induce all over the world the constant search and development of nonplatinum active and stable enough catalysts.


The parameters of H2-O2 5 cm2 square fuel cell. Membrane: Nafion 212. Cathode: X/С 4.0 mg cat./ cm2. Anode: Pt/C (E-TEK) 0.2 mg Pt/cm2. Gas humidity: 95%. MEA’s testing were performed with ElectroChem. test setup.

The Figure on the left presents the results of search of such a catalyst tested in hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell. Discharge curve shows that the value of current density at E=0.6 V achieves 0.4 A/cm2. The dependence of specific power on current density shows the maximum at 350 mW/cm2.

In the laboratory it was shown that platinum-like dependence of kinetic parameters of oxygen reduction reaction on pH is the most important test program for the evaluation of cathodic catalysts. From the Figure represented below it follows that the behaviour of E1/2-pH dependence for a new catalyst (conditionally denote here as Х/С) is identical to the dependence for platinum that speaks about prospectivity of the new system. Meanwhile for carbon material, E1/2 independence of pH practically takes place. Moreover, XPS on initial catalyst (а) and after its treatment in sulfuric acid during 50 h (b) show high enough stability of the new catalytic system.


pH dependence of half-wave potential for oxygen reduction reaction


XPS for N 1s of X/C initial system (a) and after the treatment in sulfuric acid during 50 h

Head of  the Laboratory of Electroсatalysis and Fuel Cells, professor, Doctor of Science (Chemistry) Mikhail Romanovich Tarasevich

V Conference on THEORETICAL APPLIED CHEMISTRY FOR HIGH ENERGY (with participation of foreign scientist), Moscow, October-November, 2011

29 марта, 2011

3th International Youth School-conference «PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY OF CROWN-COMPOUNDS, PORPHYRINS AND PHTALOCIANINS», Russia, Tuapse, October, 2011

28 марта, 2011

International Conference «MODERN PROBLEMS OF ADSOPTION» memory of M.M.Dubinin. Moscow, 24-28 October, 2011

25 марта, 2011



Dubinin M.M.

Russian seminar «PHYSICOCHEMISTRY OF SURFACE PHENOMENA AND ADSORPTION». School of Young Scientists «Adsorption and Surface Phenomena in nanodispersed and nanoporous materials», 2011, IPCE RAS, ICTU

21 марта, 2011

Russian Conference «STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS OF MOLECULAR SYSTEMS» and the School of Young Scientists (with participation of foreign scientists). Yalchik, Mari Al, Russia, June – July 2011

18 марта, 2011

23rd Bach Conference on RADIATION CHEMISTRY, May-June, 2011

17 марта, 2011

7-th International Symposium on TECHNETIUM AND RHENIUM – SCIENCE AND UTILIZATION (ISTR-2011), Moscow, Russia, 4-8 July 2011

15 марта, 2011

ISTR Official site

Nanocomposite (nc) silver (ag) – sulpho-cation exchanger and sorption of the oxygen (with its removal from water)

3 марта, 2011

In a number of the NanoComposites (NC): Metal – ion exchanger

Me – component is distributed along the porous ion exchange matrix almost uniformly.

Scheme 1. shows the ion exchanger bead (a) and the Me – location for both places : as in the bead pores (5, a) ; so for the pore surfaces (5, b). ( Metals are imaged as cross-hatched on the Scheme 1. (a, b) ).  Me-component occupies the separate areas localized near the ionogenic groups (b)

(a)                                           (b)

Scheme 1

Scheme 1. Representation of the ion exchanger bead (a, left) an the fragment the pore (b, right) for the Me-containing NC: 1 – polymeric chain (R), 2 – micropore, 3 – fixed groups ( -SO3- ), 4 – counter-ion, 5 – Me0 – center (Cu0).

According  to the  microscope  monitoring NanoComposites contain  the Me – NanoParticles with the variation of the size values from 20nm till 500nm.

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Examples for NC (Me – sulpho-cation-exchanger: KU-23 (Ukraine)) are presented on Figs  1:

( I NC, Me0 = Cu0 )     &      ( IINC, Me0 = Ag0 )

( INC, Me0= Cu0 ) – NC : Cu0 – KU-23 in  dependence  of  the number of the cycle (n)  for saturation – reduction  in the process of  the NC formation ( reduction agent – Na2S2O4 ) :

n = 1 n = 2 n = 5 n = 10

Fig 1

( IINC, Me0= Ag0 ) – NC: Ag0 – KU-23  in dependence  of  the  reducing  agents  (a), (b), (c) :

(a) - Na2S2O4 (b) - Na2S2O4 (c) – N2H4

Fig.  2.   MicroPictures  of  the NC  bead  cutoff  (magnification – 10 000), and                Me - NanoParticles Content  Distributions: ( I – NC, Me0= Cu0 ) &  ( II – NC, Me0= Ag0 )

Fig. 1. MicroPictures of the NC bead cutoff (magnification – 10 000), and Me – NanoParticles Content Distributions: ( I – NC, Me0= Cu0 ) & ( II – NC, Me0= Ag0 )

It is shown  that the Me – NanoParticles size  in the resin bead (Fig. 1) is  significant.

Such NanoMaterials as the NC are interesting due to the enhanced activity of the NanoSized Metal, and  to the  combination of the electrone- (redox-) and IEx  properties. This  combination makes the NC as effective sorbents, in particular, for the removal of the soluble oxygen  during the process of  water-conditioning.

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Nature of  the Me-component  in  the NC ( Me0 = Cu0 (a) and Me0= Ag0 (b)) determines Parameters  of the multi – stage  Process with the participation of  such  NanoMaterials.

Figs. 2 show the oxidation Process (to the moment for 40% of  the oxidation).

(a) Cu0 ; Cu2+ ß Cu0_KU23 (b) Ag0 ; Ag+ ß Ag0_KU23

Fig 3

Fig 4

Fig. 2. Micropictures  of   the NC-bead cutoff :  Copper Cu0 , (a, left )  & Silver Ag0 (b, right ) containing NC.  To the left  (a) – moving (during the Process) boundary   between Cu0 and  Cu2+ states in the bead.

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(a) Fuji  CS-07  (Japan)                          (b) Duolite  A 365  (USA)

Fig 5

Fig 6

(c) AV-17-10 P_g   (Russia)                           (d) AV-17-8  (Russia)

Fig 7

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Fig. 3 (a-d). Micropicture  of   the silver containing (Ag0 )  bead cutoff  for NC, obtaining by the authors on the basis of  the various  anion exchangers (a – d).

Principal researcher of the Laboratory of Physicochemical Principles of Chromatography and Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry, Anatoliy Iv. Kalinitchev, Doctor of Science (Chemistry)

Alternative method of obtaining 99mTc for the medical purposes

28 февраля, 2011

In connection with the curtailment by Canada the deliveries of the fragmentation of 99Mo into the different countries of peace, arose the problems with obtaining of 99mTc for conducting diagnostics in medicine.    In essence, practical medicine is ensured 99mTc, in an obtained sorption manner with the use of fragmentation of 99Mo.   Obtaining 99Mo from irradiated uranium – this is the labor-consuming, complex and expensive work, which requires deep removal of large number of radioactive admixtures from molybdenum. Therefore in [IFKHE] RAN [Russian Academy of Science], g. Moscow was developed the cheaper, simpler method of industrial obtaining of 99mTc from 99Mo and was created extraction centrifugal [poluprotivotochnyy] [generator]99mTc.   In the radium institute [im]. [V].[G].[Khlopina] g. Saint Petersburg obtains 99mTc using the method in question. At the basis of the method of the separation of 99Mo and 99mTc lies the process of the extraction of 99mTc from the alkaline solution of molybdenum by methylethylketone.    Initial product in this technology is the natural or enriched isotope of 98Mo, in which after irradiation in the nuclear reactor is accumulated 99Mo. This method of obtaining provides the high [radionuklidnuyu] cleanliness of 99mTc, since the possibility of the pollution of end product by the radio-toxic admixtures, such as are 131I, 103Ru, 95Zr, 188 Re and other, is excluded Each party [RFP] passes thorough checking, while eluate from the sorption generator daily checking in the clinics it does not undergo.   The technological process of the industrial production of 99mTc is neglected in “scientific production association radium institute [im]. [V].[G].[Khlopina]” [g].[Sankt]- Petersburg in 1993. and 25 clinics of city are ensured by technecium on the present time. In 2007 began the industrial production of 99mTc of medical designation at the plant “[Medradiopreparat]” in g. To Moscow, which also is used in the clinics for the diagnostic purposes.

The fundamental characteristics of the generator of 99mTc are given below:

  • the summary activity of initial [radionuklidnoy] mixture 99[Mo] – 99mTc it can compose order 30 Curie;
  • radiochemical cleanliness exceeds 99%;
  • the time of the extraction isolation of 99mTc 6-8 min.;
  • the output of end product is not less than 95%;
  • the volume of extract is within the limits of 40- of 50 ml;
  • the content 99[Mo] in the end product is not more than 10-5%;
  • concentration MEK in the solution of 99mTc is not more than 0,04[mg]/[ml];
  • the values of [rN] of the aqueous solution of 99mTc be within the limits of 6,0 -7,0;
  • volumetric activity can be obtained it is 5th 10 [GBk]/[ml];
  • total time of the final product is less than 90 minutes.

Technecium – 99[m], produced on our technology, on the quality exceeds, and on the cost is lower than technecium, obtained by sorption method.

Overall dimensions of the extractor:  a height – is 400 mm; diameter – 200 mm; weight – about 15kg.

The generators of technecium – 99[m] is prepared from the stainless steel of high quality. The developed by us technologies of obtaining radionuclides 90Y, 99mTc, 188Re can compose competition to world firms, which work in this the field, and the created generators are protected by 9-[yuavtorskimi] evidence of the USSR and by 5-[yupatentami] RF.
The respected associates, proposed to technology give the possibility to ensure the cities largest on the number with the radionuclides indicated. We propose collaboration in different aspects of problems described above and, in the case of the appearance in you of an interest, they are ready to discuss all technical and financial questions. We would want to obtain answer to our proposal on the electronic mail from you (Contact face: Alexander [Filyanin], e-mail:

Prize of the Governement Russian Federation in 2010 for Science and Technology

25 февраля, 2011

Head of Laboratory of Metals and Alloys Protection from Corrosion in Highly Aggressive Media, Doctor of Science (Technology ) V.A.GOLOVIN, Director of Institute, academician A. Yu.TSIVADZE, senior scientific researcher A.B.IL’IN , senior scientific researcher V.A.SHCHELKOV were awarded  by the  Prize of the Governement Russian Federation in Science and Technology for the series of investigation .

On the industrial production of high purity 90Y, 99mTc and 188Re radionuclides for medical purposes using centrifugal semicountercurrent extraction generators

10 февраля, 2011

Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPCE RAS) developed the extraction technologies, created the generators based thereupon, and possesses the relevant “know’how” to produce the following radionuclides:

90Y, 99mTc, and 188Re.

Centrifugal Extraction Generators-General View

99mTc and 188Re generators are made of stainless steel.

The technologies we developed for the production of 90Y, 99mTc, and 188Re are highly competitive to the worldwide known companies working in the area. Our works on this subject are protected by 14 patents of Russia.

We propose the cooperation in various aspects of the problems described above. We could also look at the possibility to produce other radiopharmaceuticals, e.g. cyclotron isotopes, using our centrifugal generators. In case you have an interest, we are willing to discuss all the associated technical and financial issues.

Yttrium – 90

Yttrium – 90 The technique for producing 90Y from 90Sr using a centrifugal extraction generator is of the major practical interest. The developed generator consists of the two connected in series 2-stage centrifugal extractors. The first unit is used for the separation of 90Y from 90Sr at the first stage and for washing the 90Y extract at the second stage. The D2EHPA extractant feed rate is up to 1000 cm3/hr. The second unit is used for the deep purification of 90Y from 90Sr and 90Y stripping. After the 90Y re-extract is evaporated the final product is obtained in the chloride form (0.1M HCl).

To date we have accumulated a 5-year experience of the centrifugal semicountercurrent extraction generator application for radiopharmaceutical purposes at the Institute of Biophysics, Moscow (Dr. Kodina G.E. is the Head of Laboratory). An extraction facility for the production of medicinal 90Y isotope according to the technological scheme developed by us has successfully commenced its operation in 2000 at the Institute for Nuclear Physics of Czech Republic.

The technique for 90Y separation described above offers the following advantages as compared to the other well-known methods (see J. Radiation Appl., vol.41, #9, pp.861-865, 1990):

  • the equipment (generator) capacity ranges very wide from trace quantities to several dozens of Curie per 1 cycle;
  • the final product yield amounts not less than 95%;
  • the 90Sr impurity does not exceed 10‑5‑ 10-6% at the date of calibration;
  • the separation process can be accomplished within a 30-60 min period (time for evaporation not included) whereas the other known methods could be done within 20-24 hrs;
  • the extract volume is 50 cm3.

The generator is made of niobium metal.

Technecium – 99m

As well, we have developed a technique for the industrial production of 99mTc for medical purposes based on a centrifugal extractor with MEK (methylethylketone) for an extractant. A molybdenum trioxide target enriched by 98Mo irradiated in a nuclear reactor is used for the recovery of 99mTc. The summary activity of  radionuklide mixture 99Mo – 99mTc can compose 30 Curie and more. A technological process of the industrial production of 99mTc based on a centrifugal extraction generator has been started in Saint Petersburg, Russia in 1993 and 25 clinics of the city are provided with 99mTc ever since. The industrial production of technecium – 99m began also in 2005 at the plant “Medradiopreparat” in Moscow on our technology and the clinics of Moscow are ensured them.

The basic parameters of a 99mTc generator are listed below:

  • the summary activity of initial [radionuklidnoy] mixture 99[Mo] – 99mTc it can compose order 30 Curie;
  • the period of time needed for the 99mTc extraction separation is about 6-8 min;
  • the final product yield amounts not less than 95%;
  • radiochemical purity exceeds 99%;
  • the extract volume is 50 cm3;
  • the 99Mo content in the final product does not exceed 10-5%.
  • concentration MEK in the solution of 99mTc is not more than 0,005[mg]/[ml].
  • pH of the 99mTc aqueous solution is within the range of 6.0-7.0
  • volumetric activity can be obtained it is 5th 10 [GBk]/[ml].
  • the total time of receipt of the final product is not more than 1,5 hours.

The quality of 99mTc solution obtained according to our technique is as good as the similar solution obtained according to the sorption technique.

Renium – 188

One of the promising isotopes for therapy of a number of diseases in nuclear medicine is 188Re. A facility for producing the isotope has commenced its operation in Khlopin’s Radium Institute. The selected optimum operation conditions resulted in the following:

  • 188Re yield exceeds 90%;
  • radiochemical purity exceeds 99%;
  • pH of the 188Re aqueous solution is within the range of 6.5-7.0;
  • the extract volume is 50 cm3;
  • the period of time needed for the 188Re extraction separation is about 6-8 min;
  • activity of 188W did not exceed 1.10-6 of 188Re; the solvent was MEK.
  • the total time of receipt of the final product is not more than 2 hours.

Basically the above mentioned isotope is obtained in sorption generators; those need 188W produced in the high-flux reactors with the neutron flux over 1.1015, and, ultimately, that yields the high cost of the final 188Re. For the production of 188Re on an extraction centrifugal generator the natural tungsten could be used for the target material followed by the irradiation in a medium-flux reactor. That gives the cost of 188Re compared to that of 99mTc. The developed technology and equipment enable the feed 188W solution up to 5 Ci and resulting 188Re solutions of high specific activity and very low content of inorganic contaminants. The latter is very important when introducing 188Re into antibodies and peptides.

Dimensions of a 2-stage extraction unit are the following:

  • height – 400 mm;
  • diameter – 200 mm;
  • weight – about 15 kg.

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